Cryo-EM structure of the NLRC4

Mariusz Matyszewski, Weili Zheng, Jacob Lueck, Brendan Antiochos, Edward H Egelman, Jungsan Sohn


Inflammasomes are supramolecular signaling platforms integral to innate immune defense against invading pathogens. The NOD-like receptor (NLR) family apoptosis inhibitory protein (NAIP)·NLR family caspase-recruiting domain (CARD) domain-containing 4 (NLRC4) inflammasome recognizes intracellular bacteria and induces the polymerization of the caspase-1 protease, which in turn executes maturation of interleukin-1β (IL-1β) and pyroptosis. Several high-resolution structures of the fully assembled NAIP·NLRC4 complex are available, but these structures do not resolve the architecture of the CARD filament in atomic detail. Here, we present the cryo-EM structure of the filament assembled by the CARD of human NLRC4 (NLRC4